truth of the photographs of the Nazi crimes and
atrocities included in this Holocaust project
needs to be shown. The photos may be of graphic
nature and disturbing - before providing access to
younger learners, parents and teachers should
preview the sites and guide through what they may
read and see.
was the systematic annihilation of six million Jews by Adolf
Hitler and the Nazis during World War 2. In 1933
approximately nine million Jews lived in the 21 countries
of Europe that would be military occupied by Germany
during the war. By 1945 two out of every three European
Jews had been killed by the Nazis. 1.5 million children
were murdered. This figure includes more than 1.2 million
Jewish children, tens of thousands of Gypsy children and
thousands of handicapped children.
Dachau was the first concentration camp established in
Nazi Germany - the camp was opened on March 22, 1933. The
first inmates were primarily political prisoners, Social
Democrats, Communists, trade unionists, habitual criminals,
homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, beggars, vagrants,
In the late 1930's the Nazis killed thousands of
handicapped Germans by lethal injection and poisonous gas.
After the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June
1941, mobile killing units following in the wake of the
German Army began shooting massive numbers of Jews and
Gypsies in open fields and ravines on the outskirts of
conquered cities and towns.
Eventually the Nazis created a more secluded and organized
method of killing. Six extermination centers were
established in occupied Poland - Auschwitz-Birkenau,
Belzec, Chelmno, Majdanek, Sobibor, and Treblinka -
where large-scale murder by gas and body disposal through
cremation were conducted systematically. Victims were
deported to these centers from Western Europe and from the
ghettos in Eastern Europe which the Nazis had established.
In addition, millions died in the ghettos and
concentration camps as a result of forced labor,
starvation, exposure, brutality, disease, and execution.
The Holocaust Websites - Crimes,
Heroes And Villains
were established 1996 to promote education about the history of
Holocaust and assist visitors in developing understanding of the
of prejudice and racism. The resources include essays, poems,
testimonies, photographs, documents, films, literature, timelines,